Neurology - a branch of medicine considering disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system, mechanisms of their development, diagnosis, treatment and prevention. This vast area, which includes anatomy, physiology, embryology, histology, therapy (neuropathology) and surgery (neurosurgery). Diseases and injuries of the brain, spinal cord, all kinds of disorders of motor and sensory innervation fall within the review of Neurology.
Diseases of the nervous system characterized by great variety, multiplicity of symptoms and signs, which is why often, especially in the early stages of the disease are taken for other systems. Thus, neurological disease may manifest dermatological symptoms, pain of unknown nature, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, urogenital disorders and abnormalities in mental state. It requires highly skilled doctor and accurate diagnosis to detect neurological disorders, otherwise patients may avail treated for years by falsely diagnosed diseases among other professionals.
Diseases falling within the consideration of Neurology, are quite common, occur at any age, including children. They can be caused by trauma, infections, immune system disorders, severe stress, and impaired fetal development. Diseases of the nervous system in children involved in child neurology, into a separate discipline. Pediatric Neurology is of great importance, as the majority of neurological diseases is the first time appear in childhood, and only at this age can be effectively corrected. Besides almost the same range of diseases that adult neurology, pediatric neurology deals with congenital malformations of the brain and spinal cord, as well as the injuries sustained as a result of birth trauma.
At present, armed with neurology specialists have modern diagnostic techniques, effective medications, the latest techniques of neurosurgical operations, as well as classic, time-tested treatments. Because of this most of the neurological diseases are now treated successfully, but in other cases it is possible to make significant relief state, and sometimes long-term remission.