Hematology - field of medicine concerned with the study, treatment and prevention of diseases of the blood and of the blood.
Blood not only performs the function of a nutrient in the body, delivering oxygen and nutrients to the cells, but also protective, as the principal organ of the immune system. In this regard, blood diseases of the hematopoietic system and always have serious consequences for the organism.
Despite significant progress in recent hematology decades, blood diseases are not uncommon. Especially alarming is the fact that a growing number of blood diseases among children, including cancer, which is associated primarily with adverse environmental conditions. In addition to the bad environment, the emergence of blood diseases influenced by the following factors: psycho-emotional stress, poor nutrition, exposure to carcinogens, ionizing radiation. Of great importance it is also a hereditary factor.
The two largest groups of diseases encountered by hematologists, this blood malignancies (leukemia, lymphoma), and anemia.
Hematology is now quite successfully copes with many diseases, the breakthrough accomplished in respect of blood malignancies. For example, acute leukemia in children are now treated successfully in 90% of cases, subject to timely diagnosis.
It should be noted that the timely diagnosis plays a crucial role in hematology, as in advanced cases of violations are taking so global in nature that they can not be offset and vice versa, in the early stages of most diseases can be successfully treated blood. This is one of the reasons that the blood appointed in any survey, even to see a doctor for an entirely different reason.
When anxiety symptoms can not sit on the fence, and immediately go to the doctor and a blood test.
Early symptoms of the majority of hematologic diseases are as follows: fatigue, pale skin, cyanosis of the lips and nails, reinforced bleeding (spontaneous bleeding from the nose, the emergence of large hematomas, even with minor injuries, a long time does not stop bleeding from small wounds), causeless night fever and loss weight.