Durian - a tropical tree, belongs to the family Malvaceae. Its name translates from Malaysia as a "spike." For more than six centuries, this plant is cultivated in the south of Thailand, India, Indochina, Malaysia. Very rarely, it can be found in Latin and South America. There are more than 30 varieties of durian, the fruit is edible but only 9 of them. Taste and smell of durian is largely dependent on the variety.
Durian is a spreading evergreen tree, reaching a height of 40 meters. Its leaves are arranged alternately and have a pointed shape. The lower part of them is covered with scales, and the top is smooth and shiny. On the hanging branches and trunk are formed flowers composed of three petals and resemble in form the bell. They can be golden brown, pink or white. Flowers bloom durian dusk, and with the first rays of morning sunlight fall.
The fruits ripen in the spring. They have a spherical shape (often slightly elongated) reaches weight 10 kg, and 0 to 30, 0 cm in diameter. Outside the fruits are covered with a hard shell, which are numerous pyramidal spines. The flesh is thick enough and has a creamy yellow color. In her column there are large shiny seeds. Green fruit durian smell of fresh grass. But the more it matures, the stronger the smell changes, becoming sweet, putrid and very corrosive.
Because of its unpleasant smell durian in many Asian countries it is forbidden to make public places (hotels, restaurants, shops, transport, etc.).
Legend about the origin of durian
Many years ago, there lived a king in Asia. He was in love with a girl, did not answer him in return. He turned for help to the local witch. And he showed him a tree, which grew fruit with a wonderful aroma and extraordinary taste marvelous. Warlock said that as soon as she tries this fruit, then immediately fall in love with the king. And so it happened. But the king turned ungrateful and forget to say "thank you" to the sorcerer. Then he became very angry and cursed the tree that gives fruits of "love."
After some time, the king wanted to re-treat your favorite wonderful fruit. He came to the tree and saw it smelly and prickly fruit. He angrily ripped off one such fruit and threw it on the ground. Fruit split and King could not resist and tried the flesh. What was his surprise when he realized that only the smell of durian has changed, but not its magical taste.
How to eat fruit durian
This tropical plant is often called the "king of fruits". Taste of durian unusually good. It resembles the taste of vanilla custard and papaya.
The food should be consumed fully ripened fruit, as tasteless unripe and overripe much taste bitter. Gourmets say durian one of the best treats. There must be as soon as the fruit is opened. The only way you can appreciate the full rich flavor of durian.
Durian is breaking his hand and eat his flesh. But it is better to use a spoon, otherwise it will be very difficult to get rid of the ingrained into the skin of durian odor. Locals wash down the fruit lightly salted water, which is poured into a cup-shaped shell halves. In Thailand, baked pastry stuffed with durian pulp and marinate it in coconut milk. In Asia, the durian pulp is often added to jams, ice cream and mousses. Excellent taste of durian combined with the coffee, so it is often served for breakfast.
Unripe fruits are used as vegetables. They are cut into small slices and stewed or fried with spices. Thais made from durian and pumpkin special paste used as a spice. In Indonesia, it is added to the soup of fresh fish. Seeds are usually not released, and is well roasted, ground and used as a spice.
The composition of durian
The pulp of this exotic fruit contains 1, 47% protein, 5% fat, 33, 23, 29% carbohydrate, 3, 8% dietary fiber and 0% cholesterol. 100 Calories, 0 grams of durian pulp is 147 kcal.
Fruits are rich in vitamins durian. Total of 100, 0 grams of pulp a third covers the daily needs of the human body ascorbic acid. In addition they contain carotene, folic acid, niacin, riboflavin, nicotinic acid. They are also a source of minerals - calcium, phosphorous, iron.
Part of the durian indole, not only gives it an unpleasant smell, but also useful antibacterial properties.
Durian contains and organic sulfur, promotes the excretion of toxins. In addition, it is a necessary component part of many hormones and proteins necessary for healthy skin, hair and bone.
Another useful feature of durian can be called high content of fructose and sucrose, which makes this fruit is a valuable source of energy.
Useful properties of durian
Durian can not only satisfy your hunger but also has healing properties. Its leaves contain mustard oil hydroxytryptamine possessing antipyretic effects. Their residents are used to treat colds and some infectious diseases. In addition to the bath infusion of the leaves of durian help in the treatment of jaundice, because promote excretion of elevated bilirubin.
The roots of the plants have an antiviral effect.
Durian fruits are used as a good anthelmintic and seeds have astringent properties and are used for the treatment of diarrhea. Amino acids contained in fruits, sulfur and vitamins contribute to increasing the overall immunity.
But perhaps the most important feature of durian helpful for men considered to be its ability to increase the potency.
Contraindications and harm durian
Durian in any case can not be used in food for people suffering from hypertension. It also can not be combined with any alcoholic beverages, as This can lead to severe poisoning with the most serious consequences, including death.
Do not include durian in the diet of pregnant women and lactating mothers. And, of course, absolutely contraindicated the use of the fruits of this tropical plant people suffering from idiosyncratic (individual intolerance) to it.