On our shelves this fruit is exotic, but in his homeland, he is very popular in the first place, because of the high content of ascorbic acid.
Guava - a tree of the myrtle family. Actually, some botanists include this plant to the category of shrubs. Nevertheless, for the bush plant is quite high - sometimes it reaches a height of 20 meters, and fruit size generally can be compared with the tennis ball. The fruits have a thin skin, greenish or yellowish color, with a characteristic strong odor. On average, one fruit weighs from 90 to 130 g Pulp Guava has a mild delicate flavor and a variety of shades. There are fruit of the yellow, white, pink or bright red flesh, within which there are many small hard round seeds.
The smell of guava fruit is always nice, but sometimes too much pronounced. But this is the distinguishing feature of guava - if, for example, in a room full of smoke heavily, simply make a fresh cut fruit, and he quickly interrupt the smell of tobacco.
Homeland guava is considered the American continent - South and Central America, where the fruits of the tree from the ancient times were used by local people for food. The first written mention of the plants found in 1553 a Spanish historian Pedro de Cieza de Leon in his book, "Peruvian Chronicle."
From the Americas plant has spread around the world. Growing guava only in regions with warm climates - in the tropics and subtropics. The people also called tropical apple and grow now in Asia, Africa, North America, Egypt, Israel, India, Colombia and others.
In his native guava is widely used in cooking. It is used for a variety of drinks, salads, purees, jams and delicious ice cream. In our latitudes mainly guava can be tasted only in fresh form. But even with such a limited choice of its taste is unlikely to leave anyone indifferent.
The composition and caloric content of guava
100 g of the guava contained 81 grams of water, 12 g carbohydrates 5, 5, 4 grams fiber, 2, 5 g protein, 1, 4 g of ashes, 0, 9 grams of fat; vitamins A, B1, B2, PP, B5, B6, B9, C (up to 240 g!) E; macronutrients: phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, calcium and potassium; trace elements: zinc, selenium, copper, manganese, and iron.
Caloric guava low and is about 68 kcal per 100 g of product.
Thus, despite the low calorie, guava is very nutritious and healthy. A vitamin C, it contains up to five times higher than in citrus. Moreover, the lighter color in the flesh, the more of vitamin C.
Useful properties of guava
Due to the high content of ascorbic acid guava useful to use for strong bones and lymphatic system, as well as to raise the general tone of the body. The lymphatic system plays an important role even in normal life. If her work there will be some failures, it can even lead to death. But to maintain its normal sometimes much more complicated than the circulatory system!
Another benefit of guava is beta-carotene, found mainly in the red fruit. And in some fruits can be found even polyunsaturated fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega-6.
European nutritionists believe that the guavas must be present in the diet of pregnant and lactating women and young children.
It is important to know as a bactericidal, antimicrobial, antiseptic and astringent properties of guava, which are successfully used in folk medicine in many countries.
For example, in Latin America believe that the obvious benefits of guava in the gastro-intestinal problems, diseases of the throat and lungs. And on the islands of the Atlantic Ocean it is used for epilepsy and seizures. Some countries believe that the bears guava benefit for heart disease, and indeed it is perfectly strengthens the immune system and is an essential product of a healthy diet.
Due to the high fiber content, guava is an excellent remedy for constipation.
For therapeutic purposes, is used not only fruit, but also leaves, bark and flowers of the plant. The leaves are brewed as a tea and drink with dysentery, indigestion, dizziness and menstrual irregularities.
In diseases of the throat decoction of guava leaves, rinse the throat, it is also used at elevated temperature and cough. Externally a decoction is used in various skin diseases, boils and wounds. When a toothache, chewing fresh leaves of the plant.
The peel guava contains more antioxidants than its fruit, so that the properties of guava include crude anti-allergic, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antispasmodic effects.
However, you should know that the skin can in some cases cause an increase in blood glucose levels, so caution should be taken to her diabetes. A guava seeds may cause irritation of the throat with excessive consumption of fruit.