Hibiscus (Hibiscus) - shrub or small tree of the family Malvaceae, which are large fruit,
colorful, trumpet-shaped flowers over a long season.
Homeland hibiscus is considered the south of China and Indonesia, where he was introduced and successfully introduced into areas with subtropical and tropical climates. In countries with less suitable for climates hibiscus plant is grown as an indoor ornamental plant or hothouse. The genus hibiscus is very rich and diverse, as according to some sources there are about 150 species, on the other 300, in the third 500.
The most common and well-known species of hibiscus are:
- Chinese (Chinese Rose);
Hibiscus leaves dark green, petiolate and nadreznye. Hibiscus shrubs can reach 4 and 5 meters in height, and their flowers are 16 cm in diameter. The fruits of Hibiscus are pyatistvorchatye boxes in which the seeds are placed. Hibiscus can be grown as individual trees, hedges and plants. With proper care can bloom hibiscus year round.
Benefits Hibiscus is high in the treatment of nervous diseases, colds, heart disease, loss of appetite, fluid retention, poor circulation, molasses and inflammation, to dissolve phlegm and respiratory diseases. Also, the use of hibiscus effectively with stimulation of the stomach, as a mild laxative and diuretic increases urine output.
Contained in the hibiscus fruit acids act as a laxative. According to numerous studies proved that the hibiscus contains chemicals contribute to lower blood pressure, reduce spasms in the stomach, intestines and uterus, as well as the destruction of bacteria and worms.
Early studies indicate that daily intake of 1 gram of extract of hibiscus flowers reduces cholesterol, lowers blood pressure and the risk of diseases of the urinary tract.
Hibiscus possesses antioxidant flavonoid polyphenolic compounds and anthocyanins, which prevent oxidation of low-density lipoproteins. These antioxidants can also help to control cholesterol levels and reduce the likelihood of heart disease.
In most cases, the reception of tea and infusions of rose hibiscus is safe, however, during pregnancy and lactation should not be overused. Also, low use of hibiscus for children aged up to one year for patients with gastritis and peptic ulcer.
The roots, leaves and flowers of hibiscus are a strong painkiller, regulating menstruation and stimulates blood circulation. Flower extract is traditionally used to treat liver diseases and as an aphrodisiac. A decoction of the leaves, roots and fruits are effective in the treatment of arthritis, boils, and cough.
The use of hibiscus
Widespread use of hibiscus was in Egypt, where the flowers of the plant was first made hibiscus drink, rich in vitamin C.
widespread use of the Hibiscus world as a food, flavoring and spice. Young, tender leaves of the plant are prepared and eaten in China as spinach. Elsewhere, young leaves of hibiscus put raw in salads. In various places around the globe, flowers eaten boiled, cheese and salted, is used as a spice and even food coloring. Flowers are the most used part of the plant hibiscus in cooking.
In China, the flower petals baked in pies and in India they are boiled in water with sugar and get a sweet soft drink. The petals are soft, tart citrus flavor and can be used as an additive in food for the meals, which are added to citrus. It can be fruity and spicy cakes, meat and even alcoholic drinks. Stems hibiscus used in soups in Central America.
African peoples are widely used leaves and hibiscus flowers in folk medicine. Of those brewed infusions and decoctions, which serve as an antibacterial agent.
Petals of hibiscus extract a part of the herbal ointments for the treatment of eczema and allergic reactions.
Fibers of hibiscus plants are used in the manufacture of ropes, nets and burlap fabric, and in Nigeria, a plant with a thatched grass serves as a building material for the roof.