Mustard - is one of the most popular in the world of hot spices. as
spices mustard seeds were used in ancient Sumer. At the present time for the preparation of mustard mustard powder (dried, defatted and thoroughly worn mustard seeds) is brewed with water and allowed to swell. Then to the resulting mass add spices (garlic, onion, celery, tarragon, bay leaf, pepper, cinnamon) and the diluted wine or cider vinegar.
The most common mustard used in the German and Russian cuisine. Russian mustard sharper, and in Europe it added a lot of sugar and other additives, which makes it taste sweet.
Mustard perfectly suitable for almost all meat dishes, and in addition is an integral part of various marinades, mayonnaise mayonnaise. It is an excellent emulsifier. This property is used to create mustard protective coating during thermal processing of fish, beef and poultry. It not only perfumes the dish is prepared, but also makes the meat juicy, tender and mild.
In the light properties of mustard, its taste and flavor are rapidly lost. That is why it must be stored in a dark place.
The composition and properties of mustard
The mustard seeds contain protein fatty oils, sodium, zinc, iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus. They have vitamins B and E.
Use mustard to human health and is explained by just such a wealth of its chemical composition. For example, this is a proven fact that mustard capable of regulating the metabolism and stimulate the growth and regeneration of cells, affects the cardiovascular, nervous and muscular systems. In addition, its member agents are needed for the processes of tissue respiration.
Well-known for the use of mustard and for the normalization of digestion. It increases peristalsis and can therefore be recommended for people suffering from constipation atonic. The bactericidal properties of mustard well neutralize pathogens in the gut.
The use of mustard and that it is due to its pungent taste and aroma enhances the production of gastric juice, improves digestion and appetizing.
The results of these studies have shown that people who regularly eat mustard in small doses is practically not affected by the development of calculous cholecystitis.
Food value and caloric content of mustard
100, 0 grams of mustard powder contains:
- Carbohydrates - 10, 0 g;
- Fats - 40, 0 g;
- Proteins - 5, 0 g
Caloric mustard is 417 kcal 5 100, 0 grams.
Note that as the mustard calorie dressings will be somewhat greater, because it added sugar, vegetable oil.
Mustard can be used not only as a tasty and spicy seasoning. Use mustard manifested in other cases:
- It easily handles the most polluted and oily dishes, better than any tools for cleaning;
- Perfect for washing hair. Thus it not only cleanses the hair and scalp, but also feeds them;
- Masks mustard remove the shine of the skin, improves its circulation and give it a smooth and beautiful color;
- Mustard wraps can get rid of cellulite and throw a couple of kilos overweight.
other foods, mustard can be for a person not only useful but also harmful. Some people even use a small mustard leads to insomnia. Therefore it is not recommended to eat this dressing for dinner.
Contained in mustard oils are strong enough allergens. Do not abuse the seasoning for people suffering from allergic diseases, and best of all they do is completely renounce the use of mustard. Also, do not eat mustard patients with gastritis and gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
Of course, speaking about the dangers of mustard, we do not forget about its benefits. But throughout, especially in the diet, it is important to show a sense of proportion. If this seasoning has not every day, in small quantities and in any case not on an empty stomach, it will have on your body to its beneficial effect. Excessive use of mustard is very quickly lead to the development of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.