Nasturtium - summer ornamental plant from the family of the Capuchins, constantly flowering until the first frost. The most common nasturtium flowers with red-orange or fiery orange. Less common are pink and yellow flowers.
There are two types of plants: dwarf or low bush, reaching a height of 25 centimeters, which is more abundant flowers and bright, and high nasturtium, with creeping stems up to 1, 5 meters in length.
The plant likes moderately moist soil, well fertilized. Nasturtium not tolerate fresh manure, excess water and lime. However, the lack of moisture the plant does not tolerate well. On the over-fertilized soil plant ceases to bloom and the leaves, on the contrary, are beginning to flourish.
Propagated nasturtium seeds. For early flowering in early May, the seeds are planted in pots of 2-3 pieces and cast film in a greenhouse. Seeds sown in boxes is undesirable because the plant does not tolerate transplanting. After the frost nasturtium planted in open ground. If the weather is warm, the seeds can sow directly into the soil.
Care nasturtium is regular watering and fertilizing. Dwarf Nasturtium excellent for edging paths and curbs. High nasturtium often planted around arbors, balconies, facades of buildings.
The composition and useful properties of nasturtium
Few people know that in addition to the beautiful appearance of nasturtium has remarkable medicinal properties. In South America, is home to plants, nasturtium is used in the treatment of many diseases. Do not plant bypasses their attention and European medicine.
All above-ground parts of nasturtium contains a large amount of ascorbic acid. Its content in the stems of the plants reach 100-150 mg, and in leaves - up to 450 mg per 100 g This is about as much as in the black currant and pepper vegetable.
Useful properties of nasturtiums are to sulfur content and carotene that preventive action during sclerosis and other diseases peculiar to elderly people. Many of the plant, potassium, iodine, phosphorus.
Nasturtium kills disease-causing germs, stimulates the immune strength of the body, improves metabolism.
For medicinal purposes use all parts of the plant. The leaves are, for example, have a pronounced antiscorbutic activity. Apply nasturtium with influenza, diseases of the lungs and upper respiratory tract, as a means of cough, chronic bronchitis. All this is due to the content in the plant vegetable antibiotics. Useful properties nasturtium used for metabolic disorders, gallstones and kidney diseases, inflammatory diseases of the lymph nodes, as a laxative. Apply when the plant male and female menopause. Dried flowers and leaves of nasturtiums effectively relieve depression, relieve irritability and feelings of depression.
To prepare the infusion, it is necessary to take 1 tablespoon chopped nasturtium leaves, pour a glass of boiling water, leave for half an hour and strain. Take tincture third cup three times a day.
In Western Europe, widely spread wine infusion of the leaves of nasturtium. To cook it, you must quart jar filled top to bottom with fresh plant leaves and cover them with dry white wine. Insist in a dark place for two weeks, strain. Take a wine infusion is necessary one teaspoon three times a day before meals. Especially useful with the weakening of such an infusion of vitality of the body.
When the disease of the urinary tract and kidneys, including kidney stones and is useful decoction of the whole plant. To prepare it, you need one tablespoon of buds, fruits and leaves nasturtium pour 0, 5 liters of boiling water and heat for fifteen minutes in a water bath. Then insist broth for 30-40 minutes and strain. Take half a cup three times a day.
In chronic bronchitis helpful Juice nasturtium, which take one tablespoon three times a day. For this purpose also preparing an alcoholic tincture of the whole plant. For its preparation take 1, 5 tablespoons of seeds, buds and nasturtium leaves, pour a glass of vodka and insist two weeks in a dark place. Take alcohol tincture of 25 drops three times a day.
Infusion of flowers nasturtium successfully used in diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Useful properties nasturtium also help in treating stomatitis. To this end, prepare a decoction of the following: 1 tablespoon of flowers and leaves pour 1 cup boiling water and heated in a water bath for half an hour. Broth strain and add to it 1 teaspoon of honey. Broth rinse mouth and throat with angina and stomatitis.
From nasturtium leaves make juice, which is used topically for scabies and itching. Also, juice leaves of the plant are used for hair loss. Against hair loss still good help alcohol tincture of nettles and nasturtium, or a decoction of the fruit and leaves of nasturtiums.
Application nasturtiums in cooking
In addition to the numerous beneficial properties, nasturtium is also widely used in cooking. In the food use the seeds of unripe, fresh leaves and flower buds solid plant.
In South America, the plant is used as a spice, because all its parts are inherent in the specific flavor and aroma. In English-speaking countries nasturtium is used to make vitamin drinks and salads.
Fresh leaves, unripe seeds and solid flower buds have a pleasant spicy taste, so they are often seasoned meat dishes and salads. Green fruit plants and flower buds are pickled with vinegar and dill, nasturtium flowers and of preparing vinegar, different kind of flavor.
Petals nasturtium ground to a paste with garlic, salt and mayonnaise and used for sandwiches.
Fresh flowers adorn the plant culinary specialties with fruit gratin and mixed vegetables. A dried flowers added to the house wines. Also obtained from the dried flowers are very fragrant tea.