Port - a traditional Portuguese liqueur wine. It is made from specific grape varieties for special
technologies. The grapes for this drink is grown in the upper reaches of the River Douro, in the north-eastern part of Portugal.
This drink can be kept for forty or fifty years, but more often it is used within three years after manufacture. Set of wine classification and controls its production Portuguese Institute of winemaking.
Manufacturing technology of port
Portuguese port wine production technology involves grinding (crushing) of grapes, destemming, podbrazhivanie grape pulp, separating the wort from the mash, mash fortification. On how thoroughly crushed grapes depends on the degree of extraction of compounds extracted from it. About 1% of the beverage produced by the Romanesque technology used in ancient times (Crush berries feet). Most of the varieties of port wine is produced using extracts blended wines from different years. The sweetness of the drink determines the unfermented sugar.
Port harvest the first year referred to as vintidzh port. Currently vintidzh port is considered one of the rarest vintage ports. Maturing non-vintage bottles of port may extend from three to forty years.
Port color is divided into red, white and gold. For each bottle of the beverage must be a sign of the National Institute of Port Wine. White port wines produced dry ekstrasuhimi, moist and semisweet. White liquor is golden, light straw and dark golden color, red - ruby, red, dark red and brick.
In our time, in our country we made a fairly extensive range of both ordinary and vintage wines such as port wine.
Useful properties of port
Useful properties of port for the human body is due to its chemical composition, natural origin and dietary properties. This drink is able to restore the vitality of the body, increase alertness. It helps cleanse the body as a whole, as well as reduces the risk of atherosclerosis. Trioksistilben - a unique component of the drink, which slows down the aging process. Since the port has pronounced antibacterial properties, it is very helpful to use a small amount of this drink for colds and chronic diseases. Antibacterial effect port preserved beverage when diluted with water. Regular consumption of the beverage in small amounts helps to obesity, metabolism disorder in an organism. Useful port and radiation exposure.
port in large doses can cause considerable harm to the human body, but in small doses drink accelerates the healing process in various diseases. The negative effect is observed when mixed with other drinks port wine - beer, vodka and others.
Methods of use of port
Port should be drunk chilled. Inexpensive red port is most often used as a dessert. It serves as a good basis for many cocktails. White port wine goes well with orange, lemon juice. Vintage port wines drunk chilled as an aperitif and use.
Such a port as Madeira, sherry, perfectly combined with smoked ham, pickled and salted vegetables, salmon. In preparing this drink cocktails perfectly with liquor, beer, brandy, fruit juices and some dessert wines.
Portugal has developed a special glass for the use of the drink - a glass container with a colorless spherical fine leg, slightly tapered at the top. Capacity glasses - 140-250 ml. It should not be filled more than half.
According to experts, this drink is best combined with a variety of nuts c or soft cheese. It is believed that the red varieties of port wine are like best with red meat and white - the white.
Stored port wine bottles stacked horizontally.