We spinach not so popular as, for example, in France. There it grows everywhere, and people call him "king" and "broom for the stomach."
Spinach - an annual vegetable plant of the family Chenopodiaceae. He appeared in the Middle East for several thousand years BC, in Persia, and several centuries later the Arabs brought it to Spain.
According to Chinese chronicles dating back to the 7th century AD, spinach brought to China from Nepal. In India it was much later, when it was widely distributed throughout Europe. Soon we learned how to grow spinach in many countries, and after the discovery of America, and he was there. To date, this plant is very common there. But residents of Russia to it are somewhat cooler. For the first time in Russia's spinach is mentioned in the 18th century, when it began to grow in many areas. And by the end of the 19th century it became one of the most widely cultivated crops inhabitants of Kiev, Odessa, St. Petersburg.
Spinach does not have a distinct taste, like other vegetables. In addition, it is stored for long, unlike other vegetable crops and is rapidly losing its properties.
However, the beneficial properties of spinach has many. Some experts even believe that its use spinach than many other garden vegetables, especially those that grow in our latitudes.
Spinach in cooking
Spinach has the ability to rapidly deteriorate and lose its beneficial properties, so it is necessary to prepare as soon as possible after collection. The only way to get the best taste and lose the least amount of vitamins. If you can not cook spinach immediately, it would be best to freeze. Frozen spinach can be stored for up to eight months.
In the food it consumed fresh or cooked, used as a filling for pies, baked, added to salads, appetizers and sauces. In the food industry from spinach make dyes, condiments and canned foods.
Spinach gives a very delicious and easy soup, which helps better digestion of meat and fish. Well it is combined with cheese, bacon and cream.
Undoubtedly, it is better to use fresh spinach. But boiled spinach recommended for people with lumbar pain - it turns out, it helps to get rid of them.
The composition and caloric content of spinach
The present spinach carbohydrates, proteins and fats, organic, unsaturated and saturated fatty acids, starch, cellulose, sugars, vitamins PP, E, G, H, A, B, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, copper, iron , zinc, potassium, selenium. In addition, the leaves of spinach contains a lot of protein, almost as much as in the young green peas and beans.
Of course, as a part of other vegetables also has a lot of nutrients, but a rich composition of vitamins and minerals as spinach, is quite rare, so the benefit of spinach should not be underestimated.
But calorie spinach is low and is only 22 kcal per 100 g of product, so nutritionists advise people to use it, seeking to reduce body weight.
Useful properties of spinach
Spinach provides the body with nutrients, toxins and wastes. Due to the high content of carotene and iron, spinach makes hemoglobin and active body faster and better supplied with oxygen.
Due to its high nutritional value and low calorie spinach helps produce body energy and normalizes metabolism, so it is very useful as a diet food. It definitely included in the diet in diabetes, diseases of the nervous system, exhaustion, gastritis and enterocolitis.
In addition, doctors recommend regular use spinach as a preventive measure and for the treatment of various diseases. For example, it makes the gums and teeth stronger and healthier, prevents the development of cancer and anemia, normalizes the activity of the intestines, strengthens blood vessels, improves the functioning of the pancreas.
Spinach is so effective for cancer that doctors recommend it as a diet for an additional radiotherapy.
Spinach brings enormous benefits to pregnant women and young children, as in its composition contains all essential minerals and vitamins. This vegetable is perfectly digestible because it contained substances that stimulate the pancreas and salivary glands.
By the beneficial properties of spinach can be attributed to a tonic, light diuretic, anti-inflammatory and laxative effect. It protects the mucous membranes from damage, normalizes carbohydrate metabolism, involved in the production of important hormones for the body, restores and relieves stress.
The spinach contains a lot of chlorophyll and fiber that stimulates the intestines and relieves constipation.
Few know that the benefit of spinach and carries to the eye, because its composition is present lutein and other substances that protect us from such serious diseases such as degeneration of the retina. In addition, lutein tends to accumulate in the tissues of the eye, which reduces fatigue while working at the computer and improves visual acuity.
In folk medicine, is widely used spinach useful properties for the treatment of various diseases. So, to replenish energy and reduce fatigue in the morning on an empty stomach to drink enough fresh spinach juice. In addition, juice stimulates many organs, including intestine, kidney and liver, and is also useful in dry cough and asthma. When inflammation of the tonsils juice rinse the throat, and with inflammation of the gums - mouth.
For children to grow better and be healthy, it is useful to give spinach juice, mixed in equal proportions with almond oil. A fresh leaves are applied to abscesses and vinegars insects. For the treatment of eczema and burns leaves make a paste. To do this, spinach cooked in olive oil. Also, the paste is used to remove freckles.
And in America, adults try as early as possible to teach children to eat spinach because it promotes proper bone development, growth and prevents rickets.
Due to the low calorie spinach is extremely popular for people who want to lose weight. To these ends it is possible to add almost any dish. Because of its neutral taste can not be afraid to spoil the dish by the addition of this vegetable.
Since the above was said a lot of words about the benefits of spinach, not to mention the dangers of it. For example, there are a lot of oxalic acid, so do not use it for people who have kidney disease and urinary tract (urolithiasis, nephritis). In addition, it is contraindicated in diseases of the liver, biliary tract, rheumatism, gout, ulcers 12 tiperstnoj intestine.
It should also be noted that the spinach leaves can accumulate nitrates, so when it is used for medicinal purposes and for baby food should be considered this circumstance.