Liposuction - bariatric or cosmetic surgery,
designed to surgically remove fat deposits in specific areas of the body. Thus liposuction does not treat obesity as such, as it does not affect the pathogenesis of this disease. Make liposuction - does not mean to remove significant fat deposits. Getting rid of a large amount of fat (more than five liters) can cause a lot of blood loss, making surgical procedure dangerous to health.
The main purpose of liposuction - visual effects slim and beautiful figure by eliminating the "fat traps" on the body - focal accumulations of fat. In males, they are usually located in the chest, back and neck. Women, in most cases, seek to remove the "belly" as well as to carry out liposuction of thighs and buttocks.
The ideal candidate for liposuction - a man with a little overweight, localized fat deposits, does not respond to exercise and diet, good health, and elastic skin. It should be noted that the results of liposuction in the elderly are not always the same as in patients with a high motility of the skin.
Types of Liposuction
There are four basic types of liposuction:
The essence of the method of standard liposuction stomach or other parts of the body is to introduce into the subcutaneous space at one end of the cannula. The second end of the cannula is connected to a special vacuum device, a negative pressure, which provides removal of fat.
The method of tumescent liposuction was opened in 1985, the California dermatologist Jeffrey Klein. This technology allows to remove the greater amount of body fat compared to a conventional method. Jeffrey Klein used the infiltration of the operated area with a solution of which the main components are lidocaine, epinephrine and an antibiotic. These ingredients reduce the nerve endings and blood vessels, allowing the safe to remove the fat and reduce the risk of infectious complications. Make liposuction tumescent technique means to protect themselves from possible bleeding after surgery, nerve damage, blood vessels and connective tissue. Using a thin cannulas makes scars inconspicuous.
Ultrasonic liposuction is characterized by the use of expensive equipment. The method is applied for the destruction of adipose tissue is not mechanical forces, and ultrasound. During the procedure, the probe is introduced under the skin, thinning fats transmitting ultrasonic waves, which can then be removed by vacuum suction. Ultrasonic liposuction is used when you want to pump more than three liters of fat without blood loss and injury to the skin.
According to reviews, liposuction with laser is ideal for those who are afraid of the pain, bruising and swelling after surgery. Correction figures in this way is the most sparing: laser liposuction carries coagulation ("soldering") of blood vessels, which ensures the absence of blood loss, and also provides the ability to perform liposuction of the abdomen, the treated area of the body that are not available for the traditional operations: forearms, face and knees.
Rehabilitation after liposuction
The main myth associated with liposuction, is that the patient can leave the clinic immediately after surgery. This is not so. The first few days after liposuction, in the opinion of knowledgeable people, a person spends in a hospital, under the supervision of doctors. Surgeons do not only observe the condition of the patient, but also to monitor the process of recovery after surgery.
The initial period of rehabilitation after liposuction, reviews, characterized by the formation of seals, bumpy skin and swelling in the area of aspiration. Some patients complain of this period a slight fever, muscle cramps and pain. To reduce the severity of their doctor may prescribe medication to a patient, analgesics, and to reduce the risks of infection - antibiotics.
Bruising and swelling completely disappears after 2-3 weeks after surgery.
Prerequisite rehabilitation after liposuction of the abdomen or thighs - wearing compression underwear that helps to improve blood circulation and reduce swelling of tissues. Furthermore, it tightens the skin relaxed. It recommended to wear a compression garment during the first three weeks after the operation 24 hours a day, filming only in the shower, which can be taken on the fifth or sixth day after surgery.
The final stage of rehabilitation (the first month after the procedure) involves a medication, reduces swelling and the use of physiotherapy.
Possible complications after liposuction
Despite the fact that liposuction is designed to remove cosmetic defects, this procedure applies to the category of surgery, which means there are certain health risks.
All of the possible undesirable effects in a patient who has decided to make liposuction thighs or other troubled parts of the body are divided into local and general. Common complications include:
- Anemia. The disease can occur due to intraoperative blood loss associated with reduced sensitivity to adrenalin;
- Fat embolism, and thromboembolism. Enough rare complications that (especially the latter) require hospitalization;
Local complications occur following diseases:
- Infections. To prevent infectious complications before and after liposuction patient must undergo a thorough examination and take antibiotics;
- Necrosis of the skin. As a rule, there is the aggressive implementation of the procedure, as well as reluctance to wear a compression garment;
- Violation of the sensitivity of the zones of influence. The complication may occur as a result of traumatic nerve fibers. Over time, skin sensitivity is reduced;
- Persistent swelling, that can occur after liposuction thighs at their inner surface, as well as in the knee, the knees and feet. The complication occurs due to violation of lymph and usually takes place within 1-2 months after surgery.
During the 10 days before and after liposuction is forbidden to smoke, take medications that affect blood clotting, and aspirinosoderzhaschie hormonal drugs.